作者: 教育  发布:2019-04-26


[B] Migrants who came to the colonies as indentured servants were more successful at making a livelihood than were farmers and artisans。

  结构提示:that some diseases 是前面 the idea 的同位语从句,not previously thought to have a bacterial cause做后置定语修饰前面的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually infections.

You and your family are planning for a trip to Hong Kong during the May holiday. Write a letter to a travel agency to explain your travel plans, ask for relevant information, and express your gratitude for a reply. (10 points)


[B] The cultural achievements of colonial New England have generally been unrecognized by historians。

  帮助普及该观点:Help popularize the idea

[B] Manager X checks possible solutions to a problem by systematic analysis; Manager Y does not。


Finally, remember that the ultimate measure of your success as an investor depends not on your owning the best-performing mutual fund. Only one fund will be the top performer over the next decade, and there’s no way to predict which one it will be. Meeting your own financial goals should ultimately be the yardstick by which you measure your investment success.

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of affairs.

[A] They have criticized managers for not following the classical rational model of decision analysis。



  使他们承受独特的进化力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures

selectively neutral? [D] How do the eyes in flatfish migrate?39. Which of the following is most clearly similar to a cline as it is described in the second


[C] bring together disparate facts。


[B] It is partially acceptable。


Part A

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

Section Ⅱ Reading comprehension (50 points)

  被看做基因隔离的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

8.[A] progress[B] fact[C] need[D] question

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately linked.

[C] Weighing your financial goals and expectations first

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to do.

The ease with which a fish can reverse the effect of the sidedness of its eye asymmetry simply by turning around has caused biologists to study internal anatomy, especially the optic nerves, for the answer. In all flatfish the optic nerves cross, so that the right optic nerve is joined to the brain’s left side and vice versa. This crossing introduces an asymmetry, as one optic nerve must cross above or below the other. G. H. Parker reasoned that if, for example, a flatfish’s left eye migrated when the right optic nerve was on top, there would be a twisting of nerves, which might be mechanically disadvantageous. For starry flounders, then, the left-eyed variety would be selected against, since in a starry flounder the left optic nerve is uppermost。


  1. According to the text,Bailyn and the author agree on which of the following statements about the culture of colonial New England?

  一想到……就害怕的身体颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

correspondence is explained。


13.[A] affirm[B] witness[C] observe[D] approve


[F] Not too special

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

[D] Bailyn failed to test his propositions on a specific group of migrants to colonial North America。

  引起了很大的争议:Arouse much controversy


  密切相关 be intimately linked

  1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph of the text?

  由细菌引起的:Have a bacterial cause

[D] By the 1730's,migrants already skilled in a trade were in more demand by American employers than were unskilled laborers。

  高度重视教育的传统a strong tradition of valuing education

Three recordings illustrate Coltrane’s energizing explorations. Recording Kind of Blue with Miles Davis, Coltrane found himself outside bop, exploring modal melodies. Here he played surging, lengthy solos built largely around repeated motifs — an organizing principle unlike that of free jazz saxophone player Ornette Coleman, who modulated or altered melodies in his solos. On Giant Steps, Coltrane debuted as leader, introducing his own compositions. Here the sheets of sound, downbeat accents, repetitions, and great speed are part of each solo, and the variety of the shapes of his phrases is unique. Coltrane’s searching explorations produced solid achievement. My Favorite Things was another kind of watershed. Here Coltrane played the soprano saxophone, an instrument seldom used by jazz musicians. Musically, the results were astounding. With the soprano’s piping sound, ideas that had sounded dark and brooding acquired a feeling of giddy fantasy。


[D] They have misunderstood how managers use intuition in making business decisions。

  矛盾的状态 paradoxical state of affairs

18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined



  不依附于任何机构:Work indipendently of any institution

5.[A] Only[B] So[C] Even[D] Hence

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

[B] identify a problem。

  与众不同,出类拔萃的人:Rare bird

Finally, Bailyn argues that the colonies were a half-civilized hinterland of the European culture system. He is undoubtedly correct to insist that the colonies were part of an Anglo-American empire. But to divide the empire into English core and colonial periphery, as Bailyn does, devalues the achievements of colonial culture. It is true, as Bailyn claims, that high culture in the colonies never matched that in England. But what of seventeenth-century New England, where the settlers created effective laws, built a distinguished university, and published books? Bailyn might respond that New England was exceptional. However, the ideas and institutions developed by New England Puritans had powerful effects on North American culture。

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

Biologists call this kind of gradual variation over a certain geographic range a “cline” and interpret clines as strong indications that the variation is adaptive, a response to environmental differences. For the starry flounder this interpretation implies that a geometric difference (between fish that are mirror images of one another) is adaptive, that left-eyedness in the Japanese starry flounder has been selected for, which provokes a perplexing question: what is the selective advantage in having both eyes on one side rather than on the other?

  以前被认为是不相关的have previously been thought unrelated

[C] Managers'' intuition works contrary to their rational and analytical skills。

Section Ⅲ Translation


Given the great uncertainty of many of the management issues that they face, senior managers often instigate a course of action simply to learn more about an issue. They then use the results of the action to develop a more complete understanding of the issue. One implication of thinking/acting cycles is that action is often part of defining the problem, not just of implementing the solution。

Whatever the market does, try to take it in stride. You’re in for the long haul, so don’t worry about the market’s day-to-day gyrations. Relax and resist the temptation to monitor your first investment daily. Check in on your mutual funds once a month, and give your portfolio a thorough exam every 6 to 12 months. And consider adding to your fund each month. An automatic investment plan makes it a relatively painless process。

[B] Managers cannot justify their intuitive decisions。

house increases as houses are built up the hill.40. Which of the following phrases from the text best expresses the author’s conclusion about the

3.[A] of[B] with[C] in[D] against

4.[A] subsequently[B] presently[C] previously[D] lately

[D] It is controversial though persuasive。

15.[A] given up[B] got over[C] carried on[D] put down


  1. In terms of its tone and form, the text can best be characterized as [A] dogmatic explanation. [B] indignant denial. [C] enthusiastic praise. [D] speculative study。

When Coltrane began recording for the Impulse! Label, he was still searching. His music became raucous, physical. His influence on rockers was enormous, including Jimi Hendrix, the rock guitarist, who, following Coltrane, raised the extended guitar solo using repeated motifs to a kind of rock art form。

One way to begin your search for a good fund is to use the Morningstar star rating. The rating is a useful tool for narrowing the field to funds that have done a good job of balancing return and risk in the past. To assign ratings, Morningstar uses a formula that compares a fund’s risk-adjusted historical performance with that of other funds within four rating groups – domestic stock funds, international stock funds, taxable bond funds, and municipal bond funds。

Part B

[A] Watching related expenses and making wise choice

9.[A] attaining[B] scoring[C] reaching[D] calculating

In this section there is a paragraph in English .Translate it into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

[B] describe carefully how migrants of different ethnic backgrounds preserved their culture in the United States。

[C] They have relied in drawing their conclusions on what managers say rather than on what managers do。

10.[A] normal[B] common[C] mean[D] total

Flatfish, such as the flounder, are among the few vertebrates that lack approximate bilateral symmetry (symmetry in which structures to the left and right of the body’s midline are mirror images). Most striking among the many asymmetries evident in an adult flatfish is eye placement: before maturity one eye migrates, so that in an adult flatfish both eyes are on the same side of the head. While in most species with asymmetries virtually all adults share the same asymmetry, members of the starry flounder species can be either left-eyed (both eyes on the left side of head) or right-eyed. In the waters between the United States and Japan, the starry flounder populations vary from about 50 percent left-eyed off the United States West Coast, through about 70 percent left-eyed halfway between the United States and Japan, to nearly 100 percent left-eyed off the Japanese coast。

[D] Two opposing points of view are presented and evaluated。

The first of these asserts that residents of early modern England moved regularly about their countryside; migrating to the New World was simply a natural spillover. Although at first the colonies held little positive attraction for the English — they would rather have stayed home — by the eighteenth century people increasingly migrated to America because they regarded it as the land of opportunity. Secondly, Bailyn holds that, contrary to the notion that used to flourish in America history textbooks, there was never a typical New World community. For example, the economic and demographic character of early New England towns varied considerably。



6.[A] thought[B] sight[C] cost[D] risk

Although Bailyn goes on to apply his approach to some thousands of indentured servants who migrated just prior to the revolution, he fails to link their experience with the political development of the United States. Evidence presented in his work suggests how we might make such a connection. These indentured servants were treated as slaves for the period during which they had sold their time to American employers. It is not surprising that as soon as they served their time they passed up good wages in the cities and headed west to ensure their personal independence by acquiring land. Thus, it is in the west that a peculiarly American political culture began, among colonists who were suspicious of authority and intensely anti-aristocratic。

the maximum profit.[C] A flower stall in which the various species of flowers are arranged according to their price.[D] A housing development in which the length of the front struts supporting the porch of each

Moreover, the integration of the European community will oblige television companies to cooperate more closely in terms of both production and distribution。

The problem with the above explanation is that the Japanese starry flounder population is almost exclusively left-eyed, and natural selection never promotes a purely less advantageous variation. As other explanations proved equally untenable, biologists concluded that there is no important adaptive difference between left-eyedness and right-eyedness, and that the two characteristics are genetically associated with some other adaptively significant characteristic. This situation is one commonly encountered by evolutionary biologists, who must often decide whether a characteristic is adaptive or selectively neutral. As for the left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish, their difference, however striking, appears to be an evolutionary red herring.36. According to the text, starry flounder differ form most other species of flatfish in that starry flounder [A] are not basically bilaterally symmetric. [B] do not become asymmetric until adulthood. [C] do not all share the same asymmetry. [D] have both eyes on the same side of the head.37. Which of the following best describes the organization of the text as a whole? [A] A phenomenon is described and an interpretation presented and rejected. [B] A generalization is made and supporting evidence is supplied and weighed. [C] A contradiction is noted and a resolution is suggested and then modified. [D]太阳成集团, A series of observations is presented and explained in terms of the dominant theory.38. The text supplies information for answering which of the following questions? [A] Why are Japanese starry flounder mostly left-eyed? [B] Why should the eye-sidedness in starry flounder be considered selectively neutral? [C] Why have biologists recently become interested in whether a characteristic is adaptive or

Funds that invest solely in a single market sectors, called specialty funds, often have impressive returns and may be great additions to a diversified portfolio. However, the success of such funds depends largely on the fortunes of a particular market sector. Hence, specialty funds probably aren’t the best way to start. For your first fund, look for a diversified stock fund that has exposure to different types of stocks。

The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is to say it anyway. He is that bird, a scientist who works independently any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested。

  1. Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North America is supported by information in the text?
  1. Which of the following best summarizes the author's evaluation of Bailyn's fourth proposition?

made to a thesis referred to earlier in the text.[C] A thesis referred to earlier in the text is mentioned, and three examples are presented and

[B] Paying attention to details

meaning of the difference between left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish?[A] “Most striking” (line 3, paragraph 1)[B] “variation is adaptive” (line 2, paragraph 2)[C] “mechanically disadvantageous” (line 7, paragraph 3)[D] “evolutionary red herring” (line 9, paragraph 4)

Section Ⅳ Writing

1.[A] selected[B] prepared[C] obliged[D] pleased

16.[A] assessing[B] supervising[C] administering[D] valuing

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead。

[B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on Great Britain。

[A] A larger percentage of migrants to colonial North America came as indentured servants than as free agents interested in acquiring land。