2016考研英语:搭配记忆法巧解英译汉

作者: 教育  发布:2019-04-24

  【相关真题】

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

3 Working parents

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

1 Good parenting

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established。

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  “搭配记忆法”对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!

8 Their peers

  【参考译文】

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  【翻译练习】

Monitor their children's academic performance
Are more involved in their children's education

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not yet been established

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their parents.

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

Feel lonely and isolated

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying, youth crime

  4.增加可能性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.

  ②单亲家庭或者父母都要上班的家庭越来越多,这样一来,家庭对孩子的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  我们之前说过,复习考研[微博]英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016的考生更深刻地领会“搭配记忆”法。

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their decision later.

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Unruly students
Drop out of school

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

  来源:文都教育

11 Prepare them well for adult life

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